Baltic Energy Efficiency Network for the Building Stock

AvalehtBEENetwork-istBEENetworki kuuluvad maadEstonia



The BEENetwork is supported by:

Berlin Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung

IWO e.V. Mecklenburg–Vorpommern Schleswig-Holstein

The BEEN Project was supported by:



Estonia has around 1.35 Million inhabitants and the number of flats currently amounts to 638,000. This results in a rate of around 472 flats per 1000 inhabitants, which is a rather favourable quota compared to other Eastern European countries. 70 percent of the housing stock is located in urban areas.



Population: 1.35 Mio.
Total number of dwellings: 638,000
Dwellings per 1000 inhabitants: 472
Ownership rate: 96 %

The privatisation of flats in the multi-storey building stock started in 1993 with a so-called “housing reform”. The legal basis was the “Law on Privatisation of Dwelling Rooms” from 1992, which introduced special national capital vouchers as means for the sitting tenants for buying the flat without cash. When in 1994, 74% of all dwellings belonged to the state or to local governments, then by early 2002, the respective figure was only 4.2% (0.7% state-owned, and 3.5% local government owned). As a result of living space privatisation (and to a lesser extent, of their return to their legitimate owners), the share of the privately owned housing stock has meanwhile risen to 95.8% of all living spaces.

Key actors as regards housing policy and energy saving measures in the Estonian building stock are the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications (Dept. Building and Housing) and the Credit and Export Guarantee Fund “KredEx” (Housing Department).

The strategic national instrument to improve the situation in the Estonian residential building stock is “The Estonian National Housing Development Plan for 2008-2013”.


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News and Updates

June 2011
The BEENetwork Newsletter is available for downloading.

June 2011
The BEENetwork Flyer is available in English and German language.

May 2011
Residents will get additional support for refurbishment of multifamily buildings in Lithuania. more

April 2011
New European Energy Efficiency Facility to finance sustainable energy at the local and regional level. more

March 2011
On 8th March 2011, the European Commission published the new Energy Efficiency Plan (EEP). more

February 2011
State grants for the renovation of apartment buildings in Estonia. more



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© 2005/2006 Imprint Berlin Senate Department of Urban Development Housing Initiative for Eastern Europe (IWO) e.V. agentur makz