Baltic Energy Efficiency Network for the Building Stock



Estonia has around 1.35 Million inhabitants and the number of flats currently amounts to 638,000. This results in a rate of around 472 flats per 1000 inhabitants, which is a rather favourable quota compared to other Eastern European countries. 70 percent of the housing stock is located in urban areas.



Population: 1.35 Mio.
Total number of dwellings: 638,000
Dwellings per 1000 inhabitants: 472
Ownership rate: 96 %

The privatisation of flats in the multi-storey building stock started in 1993 with a so-called “housing reform”. The legal basis was the “Law on Privatisation of Dwelling Rooms” from 1992, which introduced special national capital vouchers as means for the sitting tenants for buying the flat without cash. When in 1994, 74% of all dwellings belonged to the state or to local governments, then by early 2002, the respective figure was only 4.2% (0.7% state-owned, and 3.5% local government owned). As a result of living space privatisation (and to a lesser extent, of their return to their legitimate owners), the share of the privately owned housing stock has meanwhile risen to 95.8% of all living spaces.

Key actors as regards housing policy and energy saving measures in the Estonian building stock are the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications (Dept. Building and Housing) and the Credit and Export Guarantee Fund “KredEx” (Housing Department).

The strategic national instrument to improve the situation in the Estonian residential building stock is “The Estonian National Housing Development Plan for 2008-2013”.


The BEEN project is part-financed by the European Union (EU). Lead partner is the Berlin Government, Senate Department for Urban Development, Germany. The project is organized by the project coordinator:

- Housing Initiative for Eastern Europe (IWO) e.V.
- Initiative Wohnungswirtschaft Osteuropa (IWO) e.V.
Friedrichstraße 95
10117 Berlin, Deutschland

Tel: +49-(0)30-20 67 98 02
Fax: +49-(0)30-20 67 98 04